Enhanced UltramerTM DNA oligos specifically built for homology-directed repair (HDR) in research applications.
Our proprietary synthesis process delivers HDR-ready oligos of high quality up to 200 bases manufactured under ISO 9001 standards. For longer HDR donors, you can order our Alt-R HDR Donor Blocks. Alt-R HDR Donor Oligos are available in tube or plate formats.
Use the HDR positive controls below along with the Alt-R HDR Donor Oligos to help determine the HDR efficiency in your experiments. HDR positive controls provide different Cas9 gRNA and scale options and include tracrRNA along with human or mouse donor oligos. See the product sheet for additional information; research protocol details about the HDR positive controls are available in the Resources tab below.
|Guide RNA||Human (Homo sapiens)||Mouse (Mus musculus)|
|Alt-R™ CRISPR-Cas9 crRNA||Add to Cart||Add to Cart|
|Alt-R™ CRISPR-Cas9 crRNA XT||Add to Cart||Add to Cart|
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If you don’t have a template design of your own, use our Alt-R HDR Design Tool to design your template. Simply provide basic information about your target site and then use the tool to design and visualize your desired edit within the sequence. The Alt-R HDR Design Tool will provide the recommended HDR donor template along with gRNA(s) for your specifications.
IDT provides different HDR donor options for researchers to select from, depending on the specific needs of their application:
The HDR rates from experiments using 3 different donor options were compared. Donor oligos with Alt-R HDR modifications showed increased HDR rates compared to other formats (Figure 1).
Figure 1. Alt-R HDR donors improve HDR efficiency over other donor types. HeLa and Jurkat cells were electroporated with 2 µM Cas9 RNP complexes (Alt-R S.p. HiFi Cas9 Nuclease V3 complexed with Alt-R CRISPR-Cas9 crRNA and tracrRNA) targeting 4 genomic loci along with 0.5 µM single-stranded HDR donor template using the Nucleofection™ System (Lonza). Donor templates contained no modifications (Unmodified), 4 phosphorothioate linkages (2 at each end of the template; PS modified), or the Alt-R HDR modification (Alt-R HDR modified). Genomic DNA was isolated 48 hours (HeLa) or 72 hours (Jurkat) after electroporation, and HDR efficiency was measured by amplicon sequencing on the MiSeq system (Illumina, v2 chemistry, 150 bp paired-end reads).
We investigated whether combining Alt-R HDR Enhancer with Alt-R modifications of HDR donor oligos would improve HDR rates further. Our data demonstrated that this works well, leading to higher HDR rates (Figure 2).
Figure 2. Alt-R HDR modified donors and Alt-R HDR Enhancer have an additive effect on HDR improvement. RNP complexes (2 μM) targeting three genomic loci (MYC, HPRT1, and SAA1) along with 0.5 μM single-stranded Alt-R HDR donor oligo were delivered to HeLa cells by electroporation with 3 μM Alt-R Cas9 Electroporation Enhancer using the 4D-Nucleofector™ System (Lonza). The RNP complex comprised Alt-R S.p. HiFi Cas9 Nuclease V3 complexed with Alt-R CRISPR-Cas9 crRNA and tracrRNA. Unmodified, PS modified, or Alt‑R HDR modified donor templates were used. Immediately after electroporation, cells were plated in media with either no treatment, 30 μM Alt-R HDR Enhancer V1, or 1 μM HDR Enhancer V2. Genomic DNA was isolated 48 hours after electroporation, and HDR efficiency was measured by amplicon sequencing on the MiSeq system (Illumina, v2 chemistry, 150 bp paired-end reads). The highest HDR rate was achieved with the combination of the Alt-R HDR Donor and HDR Enhancer V2.
Alt-R™ S.p. Cas9 V3, glycerol-free may be of interest when working with samples or systems where the presence of glycerol may interfere, such as primary cell cultures or high-throughput instruments with sensitive fluidics.
Yes, we offer predesigned Cas9 CRISPR crRNA and additional options for creating customizable gRNA libraries.
For more information, please visit our Custom guide RNA Libraries page.
The Alt-R® CRISPR-Cas9 crRNA ordering tool (accessible here) accommodates 19 and 20 nucleotide (nt) protospacer sequences; however, we recommend 20 nt sequences for most experiments. Other formats can be ordered as custom RNAs.
There are reports in the literature suggesting that CRISPR-Cas9 nuclease specificity can be improved through use of truncated guide RNAs. For example, 17 nt protospacer elements have been reported to reduce off-target effects.
In contrast, our research investigating the effect of shorter protospacer element length on CRISPR-Cas9 nuclease specificity demonstrated that 20 nt protospacer elements were optimal, with 19 nt protospacers providing similar strong editing efficacy in most cases (see figure). When using Alt-R S.p. HiFi Cas9 Nuclease, 20 nt protospacer sequences provide the greatest amount of genomic editing (data not shown).Figure. 20 nt protospacer element provides optimal genome editing. crRNAs with varying protospacer element lengths (17–20 nt) were designed to 12 distinct HPRT target sites. crRNA:tracrRNA complexes were reverse transfected into a HEK-293 cell line stably expressing S. pyogenes Cas9, using Lipofectamine® RNAiMAX Transfection Reagent (Thermo Fisher). Genomic DNA was isolated and editing was measured by PCR amplification of target sites followed by cleavage with T7EI mismatch endonuclease (Alt-R® Genome Editing Detection Kit) and analysis using the Fragment Analyzer™ (Advanced Analytical). At all but one of the 12 target sites, crRNAs with 19 and 20 base protospacer elements provided the greatest amount of genomic editing.
*RUO—For research use only. Not for use in diagnostic procedures. Unless otherwise agreed to in writing, IDT does not intend for these products to be used in clinical applications and does not warrant their fitness or suitability for any clinical diagnostic use. Purchaser is solely responsible for all decisions regarding the use of these products and any associated regulatory or legal obligations.